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Where is mankind going? [7]
(Section is about an illusion-maya, the Indian-Maya, the simulation, etc.)
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Главная » Статьи » Do we live in the Matrix? No, it's even cooler ... » Where is mankind going?

Part 4. Virtual worlds of the Nick Bostrom
Where is mankind going?
by Victor Bayda
(machine translation. Original article in Russian -

Part 4. Virtual worlds of the Nick Bostrom

The problem of computer simulation (simulation) and human society is not only playing, but also applied, the scientific value as to solve local problems of prediction, so for the purposes of modeling the future of mankind.

For several years in the regime of secrecy to the Chief Military Supercomputer Research Center USA in Los Alamos (better known by the atomic bomb project) worked through computer simulation, "America - Anti-terror." The purpose of the simulation - to predict the consequences of different scenarios of possible attacks, not engaging in "teaching" real people and technology. Implemented in a computer simulation model includes the "Virtual America," with the people and the entire infrastructure. The simulation is so detailed that it can be traced not only a reaction to the bombing of infrastructure, but also the response of each individual citizen to "external stimuli" (alarm, the dissemination of news, an imminent danger), to monitor the possible movement of people after the attack.
The next step - the creation of more large-scale simulations and the universal (natural disasters, wars, elections, political and economic crisis), which include not only a psychological component, but also a complete computer model of man.

But then there is the philosophical question of Plan (totally unexpected for many): if we are on the computer exactly simulate the human, with all its feelings and emotions, the ability to think independently, with the whole world around him, what this model will be different from a real person?
This question was first formulated in about 10 years ago, a philosopher at Oxford University, Director of the Institute for the Future of Humanity Nick Bostrom (Nick Bostrom), and in some even more radical formulation.
Bostrom has suggested: "What if mankind is itself part of such an ambitious computer game called" human civilization "is running on a supercomputer a higher level of civilization, which he called" posthuman civilization "?"

There is no question of the similarity of the simulation, shown in the movie "The Matrix", where a man lying in biokapsule directly into the brain projected computer image. The "simulation Bostrom," everything - even cooler: not only the visible image by the brain, but the man himself is a product of the same computer program.
A computer is a game, a training simulator, or the result of scientific modeling, we do not know. As we can not, being inside the computer simulation, to determine unambiguously whether we live in a simulation or not? No computer unit, no matter how long he or digging, will never be able to get to the hard disk on which the ITS program.

Bostrom himself estimated the probability that we are part of a very complex computer program to 20%.

"If we live in a simulation, then we observed the world is just a small piece in the totality of physical existence. Physics of the Universe, where the TOT supercomputer may resemble, but may not resemble the observed physics of our world. At the time, as we observed the world is to some extent the "real", it is not located on a fundamental level of reality. "
Simulated civilization, and, in particular, the human, may eventually move to the level of "posthuman" and, in turn, run the simulation (the same game, we talked about above). When mankind reaches the stage of "posthuman" after 50 years or 50 thousand years - is not fundamentally, we have seen that the preconditions for this exist already.

The edge of the software world. From the movie "13 Floor"

Computers created by mankind in the simulated universe, will be "virtual machines" - a very common concept in computer science today. For example, programs written in Java script, working on a conditional, a virtual machine (computer simulated). Virtual machines can be nested into one another: it is possible to simulate a virtual machine simulating another machine, and so on, with an arbitrarily large number of steps. If we can create our own simulation of human history, past (ancestors of the simulation), it would be strong evidence in favor of what we ourselves are living in a simulation.
Moreover, if we follow this logic, we must also assume that posthumans who run our simulations, by themselves, too, are simulated beings. And even more, they creators can also be simulated beings (like nested virtual machines).

"The posthumans may be other sources of entertainment, such as direct stimulation of pleasure centers" - says Dr. Bostrom. - "Maybe they will have more precise methods of studying the past, so the simulation will not run for scientific purposes. Might be the moral prohibitions against simulating people, although the fact that it is immoral - is not guaranteed by the fact that it does not happen. "

Yeah, that's the theory! At first glance this theory seems quite crazy, some nonsense.
What kind of computer?! What kind of simulation, if everything is so real!? If my real thoughts and feelings! All of our previous experience will protest against such assumptions ...

I understand that and not my right to convince someone of the rightness of the theory of Bostrom. Just talk about the existence of other world views. Truth is, it - so ambiguous!
Simply, I propose to think and to remember that science has long won the right to life theory, which at one time were called crazy. "And yet it turns" - this is a trivial example. It would take 100 years after the burning of Giordano Bruno, so we began to consider the ignorant people who believed that the Earth - the center of the universe.
In the 50s of XX century physicist Niels Bohr, Heisenberg, evaluating proposed a theory of elementary particles, said that "it is not enough crazy to be correct."

In this hypothesis, Bostrom "madness" - is enough.
Chalmers, David (David J. Chalmers), a philosopher at the Australian National University, says that the hypothesis of Dr. Bostrom of the simulation - that is no reason to be skeptical, but - just another metaphysical explanation of the world. Why would you touch - a piece of paper, keyboard, cup of coffee - this is still true, even if, in fact, the feeling created in a computer circuit, and these items have never been created from wood, plastic or clay .

By the way, do the philosophical ideas expressed in the simulation hypothesis is not so new: Taoism, Buddhism for thousands of years, claim that our world - the Maya, an illusion, a dream born of the Absolute Mind. The hypothesis of the simulation introduces new terms, which by and large do not change anything, "posthumans" - the same Buddhist 'Sub-Logos', carrying out an act of creation and the cycle of passing the acquired experience.
The hypothesis of a simulation based on new scientific fact clarifies the mechanism of realization of the illusion, which in Buddhism is represented abstractly.

Of course, the idea that our world is controlled by the programmers of the future, not very pleasant, but it allows you to answer the many questions that are within the traditional view still remain unanswered.

Physicists, for example, found that our space and time in the universe are not continuous. They seemed to consist of separate parts, the points (or pixels), because it is impossible to increase the "zoom" of the universe is infinite, penetrating deeper and deeper into the essence of things. After reaching a certain scale of values ​​is obtained by a sort of universe of digital images of very poor quality - fuzzy, blurred. Imagine a normal photo from a magazine. It looks like a continuous image, but beyond a certain zoom level, breaks down into individual points, which differ in color and tone. And as our world, too, is made up of microscopic points in one beautiful, and even three-dimensional image.
And it looks like the same holographic principle, which we have already mentioned, referring to the modeling of human rights. If a hologram of the image, such as a tree cut in half, and illuminated by a laser, each half will contain the entire image of the same tree exactly the same size. If we continue to cut a hologram into smaller pieces, each of them, we again find the image of the object as a whole. Unlike normal photographs, every part of a hologram contains all the information about the subject, but with a proportional decrease in sharpness.

The theory of "Holographic Universe" is fully consistent with the concept of "our world - simulation." Simulated models of the game world can not "dig" to the hard drive of the computer on which they run, but may well understand that their surrounding universe is just a "paint" the pixels on the screen of a grand holographic computer.

Pinocchio nose poked in the center and realized that the hearth and the fire in the hearth and a kettle, boiling on the fire which had been painted on canvas and for canvas - the door ... In another world ...

Holographic senses ... Holographic brain ... Holographic Universe ... But the hologram becomes manifest, visible only when the holographic plate, the original light beam of the laser. Where and who is running this great holographic projector? Regardless of the hypothesis Bostrom these questions hang unanswered ...

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